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Mrs Gomer Hill
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Lunar gardening
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Companion
planting

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"The Last Flower"
by James Thurber
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Companion planting
Marigolds repel beetles and nematodes, Nasturtiums repel bugs,
beetle and aphids, Tansy repels ants, and bugs in general. Oregano
gives overall protection.
Plants that require most or all of the growing
season to mature can have short-season companions. We sow a bit of
spinach between the rows of garlic soon after the garlic shoots emerge
in the spring. While it's there, the spinach provides a living mulch for the
garlic, conserving moisture and discouraging weeds in the soil. By the
time the garlic needs all the space in the bed, the spinach is long gone.

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Consider all the advice,
including the suggestions here, as a starting point, rather than gospel.
Keep track of the results and compile your own list of garden companions...
knowing the companion lists are mostly somebody's guesses.


Vegetable

Companions

Allies

Enemies

Asparagus

Basil, Nasturtium,
Parsley, Tomato

Marigold

chive, garlic, leek,
onion, mint

Bean

beet, borage, sunflower,cabbage family,
carrot, celery, collards,
chard, corn, cucumber, radish, eggplant, nasturtium, pea,
potatoes,
strawberry, sunflower

Marigold,
Summer Savory
enhances flavor
Nasturtium, Rosemary,
repel the bean beetle.

kohlrabi,
Basil, chives, shallots,
onion, garlic,
fennel,
gladiolus, leek.

Beet

bush beans, cabbage Family,
onion family, sage, corn, lettuce, lima bean, radish

garlic for flavor and growth

mustard
pole beans and beets
stunt each other

Cabbage Family
broccoli, kale,
brussel sprouts, cabbage,
cauliflower

Beet, carrot, celery,
cucumber, dill, lettuce,
mint, nasturtium, onion family, potato, rosemary, sage,
spinach, tomato
Marigold, All Strong Herbs

improves growth and flavor -
chamomile, garlic, dill, mint, repels cabbage moth - rosemary, sage, mint. repels cabbage worm - Tansy and thyme repels ants - mint repels bugs, beetles and aphids

Bush and Pole Beans,
Grapes, Rue,
strawberry

Carrot

Bean, Brussels sprout, cabbage, chive, leaf lettuce, leek, onion, pea, rosemary, tomato, radish,
pepper, pea, lettuce, sage

Chives improve growth,
flavor Rosemary & Sage repel carrot fly

Celery, Dill, parsnip

Celery

Bush bean, parsley, pea, Onion, Spinach, leeks, bean, tomato, cabbage family, especially cauliflower

Chives and garlic repel aphids Nasturtiums repel aphids & bugs

Carrot, Parsley,
Parsnip

Corn

Amaranth, Beans, Cucumber, Geranium, Lamb's Quarters,
Morning Glory, Peas, Sow Thistle, cabbage, Sunflower
Squash, cantaloupe, cucumber, early potato, parsley, pea, pumpkin, squash

pigweed raises nutrients from the subsoil so corn can reach them.

celery,
tomatoes & corn
are attacked by
the same worm

Cucumber

Bush bean, cabbage family, dill,
eggplant, lettuce, nasturtium,
pea, radish, sunflower, tomato,
Corn, Onions

Oregano. Nasturtium -
improves growth and flavor.

Potato
Sage hurts cucumbers

Eggplant

Bush bean, pea,
pepper, potato

marigold

 

Lettuce

Everything, but especially beet, cabbage family, carrot, onion
family, radish, strawberry

chives and garlic
repel aphids

Broccoli, Fava Bean, Grains

Melon

corn, pumpkin,
radish, squash

marigolds, Nasturtiums, Oregano
provides overall protection

Potato

Onion

kohlrabi, leek, lettuce, parsnip, spinach, turnip beet, cabbage
family, carrot, lettuce. pepper, strawberry, tomato

chamomile improves growth
and flavor, pigweed raises nutrients from the subsoil to
make them available
to the onions

Onions stunt bean, pea, Asparagus, Beans, Gladiolus, sage

Parsley

Asparagus, corn, tomato Carrot, Chives, Onions, Roses

 

mint

Parsnip

Garlic, pea, pepper, potato,

onion, radish

Caraway, carrot, celery

Pea

celery, chicory, eggplant,
parsley, early potato,
strawberry, sweet potato, turnip, bean, carrot, corn,
cucumber, lettuce,
radish, spinach

chives repels aphids Mint
improves health and flavor

Gladiolus, potato
onion & garlic stunts the growth of peas

Deep-rooted plants thrive near shallow-rooted neighbors because they draw nutrients from different places. Thus, carrots make suitable companions for leaf lettuce, arugula, garden cress.

Corn and tomatoes- Call it a corn earworm, call it a tomato fruitworm--it's the same beast in either case
and likes both crops equally. Keep some distance between the corn and tomato patches.

Vegetable

Companions

Allies

Enemies

Pepper

carrot, eggplant, tomato,
parsnip, pea, potato
Lovage, Marjoram, Oregano

Basil, onion

Fennel, kohlrabi

Potato

Bush bean, cabbage family,
dead nettle, eggplant
(as trap crop),
horseradish, marigold,
parsnip, cabbage family,
corn, pea

Horseradish on
all 4 corners

Cucumber, pumpkin,
raspberry, rutabaga,
squash family,
Sunflower, Turnip
-
tomatoes & potatoes
are harmed by same
blight

Pumpkin

corn, eggplant,
melon, squash

marigold, nasturtium,
oregano, radishes

Apple, Raspberry,
Rosemary, Tomato,
Potato

Radish

Beans, Beets, Carrots,
Chervil, Nasturnium, Parsnips,
Peas, Spinach, Squash
cucumber, lettuce, melon

nasturtium

Brussels sprouts,
Broccoli, Cabbage,
Cauliflower, Grape,
Hyssop, Kohlrabi,
Potato, Turnips

Spinach

legumes, lettuce, pea,
radish, celery, cabbage
family, strawberry

onion family

potato

Squash

Celeriac, celery, dill,
nasturtium, corn, beans
melon, pumpkin, onion,
radish, cucumbers, mint

borage repels worms,
improves growth and
flavor, marigold,
nasturtium, oregano

potato

Strawberry

borage, pea, bean,
lettuce, onion, comfrey,
spinach, thyme

borage strengthens
resistance, thyme on the
border repels worms

cabbage family

Sunflower

cucumbers

 

  cabbage, potatoes

Tomato

asparagus, Basil, bee balm,
bush bean, cabbage
family, garlic,
head lettuce, marigold,
nasturtium, onion, carrot,
celery, mint, cucumber,
onion, parsley, pepper

  basil, marigold,
nasturtium

Cabbage, Cauliflower,
Kohlrabi, Pole bean,
dill, fennel, potato,
corn

  Turnip

peas

 

 

Insect-Repellant Plants
All plant-eating bugs avoid members of the onion family--probably because they stink.
The greater the distance any bug has to cross from one feast to the next, the more likely it will itself become prey.
Cabbage butterflies that have to flit all over the garden in search of cole crops will get more
predatory attention than butterflies that can settle in one bed.
The striped Colorado Potato Beetle is a nightshade nightmare and will feed on any plant related to potatoes,
such as tomatoes, peppers or eggplant.


Basil -- Flies, Mosquitoes, Asparagus Beetle, Tomato Worm

Borage-- Tomato Worm

Calendula -- Asparagus Beetles, Tomato Worms

Catnip -- Ants, Aphids, Cockroaches, Flea Beetle, Japanese Beetles

Chrysanthemum -- Mexican Bean Beetle

Cosmos-- Mexican Bean Beetle

Coriander -- Aphids

Dandelion -- Colorado Potato Beetle

Dead Nettle-- Potato Beetle

Fennel-- Fleas

Flax -- Potato Beetle

Garlic -- Aphids, Apple Scab, Borers, Japanese Beetles, Peach Leaf Curl Disease, Spider Mites, Ants

Geranium-- Cabbage Worm, Red Spider Mite

Henbit -- General insect repellant

Horseradish-- Potato Beetle

Hyssop -- Cabbage Moth

Japanese Beetle -- Rue and white-flowered geraniums

Lavender-- Mice, Ticks, Moths

Marigold -- Mexican Bean Beetle, Nematodes, aphids, Colorado Potato Beetles and whiteflies

Mint-- Ants, Aphids, Cabbage Moth, Fleas, Mice

Mole Plant -- Mice, Moles

Nasturnium -- White Flies, Squash Bugs, Striped Pumpkin Beetle, Wooly Aphid (apple)



Oregano-- Cabbage Butterfly, Cucumber Beetle

Parsley-- Beetles

Pennyroyal-- Fleas, Flies, Mosquitoes

Pot Marigold -- Asparagus Beetle, Tomato Worm

Radish -- Cucumber Beetle, Flea Beetles

Rosemary-- Bean Beetles, Cabbage Moth, Carrot Fly

Rue -- Flies, Japanese Beetle, Cats, Dogs

Sage -- Bean beetle, Cabbage Moth, Carrot Fly, Slugs

Southernwood -- Cabbage Moth

Sunflower-- Armyworm

Tansy-- Ants, Fleas, Flies, Japanese Beetle, Moths, Striped Cucumber Beetles, Squash Bugs

Thyme --Cabbage Worm

Wormwood-- Animals, cabbage moth

Beneficial Insects
Many of the flowers that attract or provide shelter and food for helpful insects are perennials.
a fact you can use to your advantage by locating your perennial garden near your vegetable garden.

Assassin Bug -- Caterpillars, Flies

Big-Eyed Bug -- Aphids, Caterpillars, Leafhoppers, Mites;
attracted by: Clover, Goldenrod, Soybeans.

Braconid Wasp -- Aphids, Armyworm, Cabbageworm, Cornborer, Codling Moth, Elm Bark Beetle, Horn
Worm;
attracted by: Dill, Parsley, Yarrow.

Damselbug --Aphids, Caterpillars, Leafhoppers, Thrips;
attracted by: Alfalfa.

Ground Beetle --Caterpillars, Cabbage Maggot, Colorado Potato Beetle Larvae, Cutworms, Slugs, Snails;
attracted by: Clover.

Honeybee -- Pollinator

Hover Fly (Syrphid Fly) -- the larvae eat aphids, various beetles and caterpillars, leafhoppers,
mealybugs and thrips--
attracted by: chamomile, asters, cornflower, black-eyed Susans and marigolds.

Ichneumon Wasp --Beetle larvae, Caterpillars, Sawfly,

Lacewing --Aphids, Corn Earworms, Mites, Thrips

Lady Beetle --Aphids attracted by: morning glory vines, angelica, coreopsis, cosmos, sweet alyssum and tansy.

Minute Pirate Bug --Leafhopper nymphs, Spider mites, Thrips

Predatory Mite -- European Red Mites, Spider Mites

Praying Mantis -- Also predates beneficials

Rove Beetle --Aphids, Cabbage Maggot, Flies, Mites, Springtails

Soldier Beetle --Aphids, Beetle larvae, Caterpillars, Corn Rootworm, Cucumber Beetle, Grasshopper eggs;
attracted by: Goldenrod, Milkweed, Hydrangea

Spined Soldier Bug -- Caterpillars, Sawfly larvae

Tachinid Fly --Caterpillars

Tiger Beetle --General predator

Yellowjacket -- Flies, caterpillars

Beneficial Parasitoid Wasps and Hoverflies are attracted to:
Alyssum, Buckwheat, Cilantro, Fennel, Mustard, Phacelia, and Yarrow
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Beneficial predator insects are attracted to these pollen and nectar plants :
Carrot, Catnip, Coneflowers, Daisy, Dill, Fennel, Goldenrod, Lemon Balm, Mint, Parsley,
Peppermint, Spearmint, Thyme, Yarrow.